Tennis elbow, also known as golfer’s elbow, is a prevalent medical condition affecting many middle-aged and older individuals. While it’s commonly associated with those above the age of 40, athletes and physical trainers are also susceptible to this ailment. This guide explores the anatomy, symptoms, and causes of tennis elbow, along with home-based treatment options.
Understanding Tennis Elbow’s Anatomy:
Medically termed lateral epicondylitis, tennis elbow was first described in 1882 by Rogue. Later, Henry Morris coined the term ‘Tennis Elbow‘ when linking it to tennis backhand strokes. This condition results from compression or irritation of the elbow tendons, leading to arm inflammation and swelling. The elbow joint consists of three bones – the hummers, ulna, and radius, with the lateral aspect (epicondyle) holding the elbow joints and muscles together. Injury to this area hampers essential arm movements.
Recognizing Tennis Elbow Symptoms:
Symptoms of tennis elbow vary from person to person and often develop gradually. Common signs of tennis elbow include:
- Weakened grip strength
- Pain and swelling on the outer part of the elbow
- Elbow stiffness and tenderness during activities
- A snapping sensation
Identifying Causes of Tennis Elbow:
Tennis elbow is primarily caused by overusing the elbow in specific tasks. The ECRB muscle in the elbow facilitates crucial arm movements, and overuse weakens this muscle, leading to tendon inflammation. One major cause is overusing the elbow in tennis groundstrokes. Prolonged activities involving continuous elbow motion, such as those performed by professionals like painters, carpenters, and plumbers, also contribute to tennis elbow.
Age-Related Factors: Aging can lead to mineral deficiencies, resulting in joint aches in various parts of the body.
Home Remedies and Non-Surgical Treatments for Tennis Elbow:
While surgical options are available, many individuals prefer non-surgical treatments, with over 80% finding relief through these methods:
NSAIDs: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like naproxen and ibuprofen help reduce elbow pain.
Rest: Rest is crucial to minimize elbow inflammation. Avoid strenuous exercises and activities that strain the elbow.
Injections: Corticosteroid injections into the elbow’s tendon sheath can reduce pain by 50% and are an effective, rapid treatment.
Heat and Ice Therapy: Apply ice to the affected area for 20 minutes, followed by 20 minutes of heat. Overnight, wrap the elbow with a splint for optimal results.
Massage with The Elbow Wand: This non-surgical elbow pain treatment emits far-infrared and ultrasonic radiation beneath the skin to reduce swelling and pain. Massaging with this wand for 15 minutes daily yields effective results within weeks.
Tennis elbow is a common issue that demands effective non-surgical treatments. Ignoring early-stage tennis elbow problems can lead to severe elbow pain. If you experience any tennis elbow symptoms, consider the treatments mentioned above for home-based relief.
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